– Re: DIRECT DEMOCRACY vs. REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY
In Reply To
...The Okhrana tried to compromise labour movement by creating police-run trade unions, the practice known as zubatovshchina.
...Despite his deeply held monarchist convictions, Zubatov earnestly believed that repression alone could not crush the revolutionary movement. He therefore also promoted the organization of pro-government trade unions to channel protest away from agitation between 1901 and 1903, a practice named police socialism or lambasted by revolutionary activists as Zubatovshchina (зуба́товщина) after him, which gained support from Moscow Governor General, Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich.
Thanks for the lead.