Reply – Re: DIRECT DEMOCRACY vs. REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY
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Re: DIRECT DEMOCRACY vs. REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY
— by anonymous anonymous
Thanks for the lead.
 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Okhrana
...The Okhrana tried to compromise labour movement by creating police-run trade unions, the practice known as zubatovshchina.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sergei_Vasilyevich_Zubatov
...Despite his deeply held monarchist convictions, Zubatov earnestly believed that repression alone could not crush the revolutionary movement. He therefore also promoted the organization of pro-government trade unions to channel protest away from agitation between 1901 and 1903, a practice named police socialism or lambasted by revolutionary activists as Zubatovshchina (зуба́товщина) after him, which gained support from Moscow Governor General, Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich.